University Digital Teaching Competence Framework

In December, we announced with great enthusiasm the availability of the first of the developments of the DIGCOMPEDU Training and Accreditation (DigCompEdu FyA) project, the Framework for Digital Competence in University Teaching (MCDDU). Creation and validation (only in Spanish).

Yesterday, 24th April, we had the opportunity to “present it in society” in the Salón de Grados of the Faculty of Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid.

Marco de Competencia Digital Docente Universitario. Creación y validación

This document represents the culmination of one of the fundamental milestones in the construction of the project materials, with the active collaboration of various universities (35 Spanish universities) committed to digital transformation in higher education.

Accurately detailing the meticulous process of adapting the European DigCompEdu framework to the Spanish context, materialised in the Reference Framework for Digital Competence in Teaching (MRCDD), the MCDDU emerges as a fundamental milestone in the confluence of theory and practice for promoting digital competence in teaching at the—university level.

This report not only breaks down the methodology, actions implemented and changes made during the creation of the MCDDU, but also comprehensively presents the framework itself, outlining its formative and accrediting elements. It is an indispensable resource for those involved in the planning and implementation of digital educational strategies in the university context.

By exploring the pages of this report, readers will gain a detailed overview of ongoing actions, planned future initiatives and strategic recommendations for continued development in the field of digital educational transformation. We hope that this joint effort and the effort to share not only the results, but also our working methodology can lead to a better definition of the path towards the digital transformation of Higher Education that we all seek.

Coordination of the DIGCOMPEDU FyA project
Juan Ramon Velasco
Pedro M. Ruiz
María Isabel Hartilo Hermoso

Emiliano Pereira González
Antonio Ruiz Martínez

Report and Technical Coordination
Linda Castañeda y Núria Vanaclocha.
Universidad de Murcia

Proyecto Competencias Digitales del Profesorado- Formación y Acreditación. DigCompEdu-FyA.
Real Decreto 641/2021, de 27 de julio, por el que se regula la concesión directa de subvenciones a universidades públicas españolas para la
modernización y digitalización del sistema universitario español en el marco del Plan de Recuperación, Transformación y Resiliencia
Ministerio de Universidades. BOE-A-2021-12614

Permanent link to the Report at the UM  DIGITUM Repository



The DALI Project is finished!

On 30 December 2023, the DALI project -Data Literacy for Citizenship- ( ) officially ended a project that we have been working on at UM for the last three years and in which our challenge was to develop practical educational materials and resources for the development of Data Literacy in adults of all age ranges, i.e. to promote how people use and engage with the data they encounter in their daily lives as citizens.

In these three years, we have developed in the four official languages of the project (and therefore also in Spanish)

And much more…

And EVERYTHING is now available for free and open use on our website.

I have been the project’s contact person for the UM team and had the immense good fortune to work on it. I have had the opportunity to learn, meet, laugh, work hard and generate, with my project partners, a lot of material that I firmly believe is useful to face one of the most critical challenges posed by the current and imminent future technological reality, how people should relate healthily with the data that is generated around them?

Since the first time, we were asked for a workshop “for the healthy use of social networks” back in the first decade of the 21st century, I have always been convinced that the only way to become more human in a world with technology is to emancipate ourselves to be better humans, to make better decisions, to be able to make human decisions –being empowered– in this world and WITH technology. … and I believe that DALI does all of this. Furthermore, I think that it does it with deep pedagogical roots that give more substance to this emancipatory and empowering perspective… it is an educational project… of educational technology.

It has been a precious experience; I feel very proud of the work we have done from Murcia (thanks to Inma Haba-Ortuño especially). It is also a project in which many people have been able to work, collaborate and feel involved… Even my students have been able to work with the games! So, all the better…

As I said above, all the materials are open and licensed to be modified for further use.

I hope you can browse and use any of the materials we have produced and that you find them useful.


  • Castañeda, Linda, Inmaculada Haba-Ortuño, Daniel Villar-Onrubia, Victoria I. Marín, Gemma Tur, José A. Ruipérez-Valiente, and Barbara Wasson. 2024. ‘Developing the DALI Data Literacy Framework for Critical Citizenry’. RIED-Revista Iberoamericana de Educación a Distancia 27 (1). doi:10.5944/ried.27.1.37773. (Online First)
  • Castañeda, L., Villar-Onrubia, D., Haba-Ortuño, I., Postigo-Fuentes, A. Y., & Arnab, S. (2022). Game-based Networked Learning. Proceedings For The Thirteenth International Conference On Networked Learning, 273–277
  • Castañeda, L.; Arnab, S.; Tur, G.; Klykken, F.; Wasson, B.; Haba-Ortuño, I.; Maloszek, R.; De Benito-Crossetti, B. (in press) Co-creating pedagogically informed games for data literacy. Revista de Educación. (IN PRESS)

The DALI project is an Erasmus+ Strategic Action for Adult Education project (KA204-076492) coordinated by the University of Bergen and involving four other European universities: Coventry University (UK), Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany), Universitat de les Illes Balears (Spain) and Universidad de Murcia (Spain).











Working with JRC: ARS- SELFIE Strategic Approaches to Regional Transformation of Digital Education.

Since a little over a year ago, I directed a research project commissioned by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Union, in which we wanted to gain in-depth knowledge of the digital competence development plans of schools and teachers (mainly in primary and secondary education) in the different Spanish territories.

The aim of the research was to find out about the different approaches taken by the different Autonomous Communities – especially in terms of regulations or plans – to improve or transform the digital competence of schools; the structure of the plans, their design, organisation, how they have been inspired and, to what extent, whether or not they are related to the frameworks and tools developed by the JRC (SELFIE, SELFIE for teachers, DIGCOMP, DIGCOMPEDU, DIGCOMPORG, etc.). It was not an evaluative research, but to take advantage of the work already done in our Autonomous Communities to learn from the different experiences of our territories, understanding that each one is a good practice that we can tell and from which other territories within and outside the Union can draw inspiration.

The study is based on a compilation of deep interviews with the government officials of each Spanish territory – commissioned by each Autonomous Community with the exception of Andalusia and Galicia which we know that, although they wanted to help us, it was materially impossible to do so – and, of course, an interview with the director of INTEF. From these interviews, a case is presented for each region using a narrative and visual approach.

This research has resulted in a report that the JRC has elevated to Science for Policy Report status, which has recently been published by the Union and which we can now share:

Castañeda, Linda, Virginia Viñoles-Cosentino, Ana Yara Postigo-Fuentes, Cesar Herrero, and Romina Cachia. 2023. Strategic Approaches to Regional Transformation of Digital Education. Science for Policy Report JRC134282. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. JCR SCIENCE FOR POLICY REPORT.

This report highlights the importance of DigCompEdu as a framework that goes beyond the instrumental view of the digital transformation of education, helping institutions to anticipate, design and structure it. SELFIE is seen as a fundamental tool for school awareness and digital planning. Furthermore, the results consolidate the evidence of diverse approaches to digital transformation, especially considering the context of Spain, where the competence of education is at the regional level. Finally, in the report we present policy recommendations based on the results found in this study.

Once the report has been published, we will soon start to disseminate the results, which I will surely tell you about.

In addition to making this work available to you, I would like to publicly acknowledge the efforts of the people who have collaborated with us in this research:

First of all, I would like to thank the people who collaborated with us from each of the ACs. Thank you for opening one or more spaces of your time at such a complicated time and with such an impressive workload as the beginning of the 22-23 school year. We remain at your disposal, and we hope that all your efforts will be properly reflected in the digital transformation of your territories.

Thanks to Cesar Herrero and Romina Cachia, from the JRC, who have been extraordinary research partners, for doing a truly remarkable job and for helping us a lot in achieving this effort in a rigorous and endearing way. Thank you for trusting me for this effort. Thanks also to the entire JRC team for their contributions to the work.

Thank you Natalia Lobato for taking care of the visual part of this work (the infographics). That visual perspective of each of the cases I think helps us a lot to re-look at the research and your hand as an artist and designer has been a gift.

Finally, thanks to my team: Virginia Viñoles Consentino and Ana Yara Postigo-Fuentes who have been extraordinary colleagues and who have made it possible for this research to be what it is. They are two sure values in educational research with an spectacular projection and work capacity, and they are also two good friends. Thank you for coming on board.

It was my first time working for the JRC and I confess that the imposter syndrome is still with me every step of the way. I have learned a lot from this whole process and from all the facets involved (digital competence, educational policy, Spain and its particularities, qualitative research, project management, communication, digital transformation in education… and much more). I am honoured and proud of the work and I sincerely hope that the result will be interesting and useful for those who read it.

Addenda: Convencidas de que este trabajo tiene mucho interés en el ámbito latinoamericano, hemos deicido hacer una versión en castellano de la publicación que está abierta y disponible en:  el enlace permanente del repositorio de mi universidad es


Digital Teacher Framework (validation 1)

This October an article has been published in which we take one of the first steps to validate the teaching competence model for the digital world. In this article we translate the original framework (which was justified and proposed by Francesc Esteve, Jordi Adell and myself in two articles in 2018) into English and we also propose a first step in its validation with the good fortune that Professor Sarah Prestridge, from Griffith University, joined our team.

Castañeda, Linda, Francesc Marc Esteve-Mon, Jordi Adell, and Sarah Prestridge. (2021). ‘International Insights about a Holistic Model of Teaching Competence for a Digital Era: The Digital Teacher Framework Reviewed’. European Journal of Teacher Education 0 (0). Routledge: 1–20. Post-print abierto y disponible AQUÍ. 2021_EJTE_Postprint

This validation involved primary and secondary teachers from three different international contexts (Uruguay, Australia and Spain), who were asked about each of the components we proposed in 2018 (Generator and manager of emerging pedagogical practices; Expert in digital pedagogical content; Augmented reflective practitioner; Expert in enriched personal and organisational learning environments; Sensitive to the use of technology from the perspective of social engagement and Able to use technology to expand their relationship with the student’s family and environment). We asked these individuals about their understanding of each of these elements, their views on the relevance of these elements to their teaching and the extent to which they believe they have scope in their school to develop innovative practices related to that element of the model.

The responses were frankly interesting and are explained in the text. As a result of these contributions, and the analysis of them, we not only validated the 6 original elements of the model, but we grouped the elements two by two into three categories that you can see in the following illustration:

There are many more things to work on in this framework… we believe that the framework itself is an opportunity for conversation about what really matters when we talk about teaching at a time like the present, and for that reason alone it is worthwhile. I think we can learn a lot along the way, and we sincerely hope that you will find it interesting to analyse it, or to read some of the work we do on it…

If you want to see the antecedents of the model you can find them in these two publications (only in Spanish I’m afraid):

The CUTE Project

Since October 2019, I have had the opportunity to be the contact person for the CUTE Project “Competencies for Universities – using Technology in Education” (ERASMUS+: Strategic Partnership KA203-867FE04B) at the University of Murcia and to have as associate partners in Spain none other than INTEF (National Institute of Educational Technology and Teacher Training). We are working hard (and having fun) and I wanted to have the opportunity to present you the project of which you have all the information on the website (also in Spanish).

Hope you find it interesting!